“Wushu is the Chinese word for martial arts… In the West, Chinese martial arts are called ‘kung fu’ or ‘gong fu,’ but the word gong fu actually means skill that transcends mere surface beauty. A martial artist whose technique is decorative but without power ‘has no gong fu,’ whereas, say, a calligrapher whose work is not pretty to look at but reflects a strong, austere taste ‘has gong fu.'”

Iron & Silk, Mark Salzman, 1986